The impact of COVID19 on school starters: Interim briefing 1 - Parent and school concerns about children starting school

Children who started school in the Autumn Term 2020 did so during a period of instability brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic. Early years settings closed in March 2020 to all but vulnerable children and the children of key workers. When restrictions were lifted in June 2020, nursery attendance levels did not return to pre-lockdown levels, with many parents choosing to keep their children at home.

Good Recruitment of Older Workers

This report examines older workers’ experiences of the recruitment process, through conducting 55 semi-structured interviews with older workers (aged 50-73) and a nationally representative survey with a sample of 1,539 UK adults aged 18 and over. The research shows that experiences of age discrimination in the recruitment process are widespread, affecting older jobseekers’ confidence, wellbeing and finances.

Migrant students in the UK pandemic - Impacts, school reponses and community approaches

Lockdowns and school closures in response to Covid-19 have impacted on all students in the UK, but have also acted as multipliers of educational inequalities. Among the most vulnerable are newly arrived migrant children, as they tend to be less familiar with the educational system and life in the country. Some migrant and refugee students also face challenges due to language barriers, limited resources and, in many cases, the traumatic personal experiences of migration.

Research report: public understanding of the economic impacts of Covid-19


Building on our recent NIESR report on Public Understanding of Economics and Economic Statistics, we conducted an additional 20 semi-structured interviews with members of the UK public. We explored public perceptions of the economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic, and assessed what formative experiences are likely to shape public understanding of the economy for years to come.   

Summary of findings

Early Years Toolbox Pilot Report

The Early Years Toolbox (EYT) is a set of iPad-based assessment tools suitable for use with young children by early years staff. It includes eight brief, engaging, and game-like assessment apps that aim to capture abilities that research has shown to be the most predictive of later academic, social, emotional, cognitive, and life outcomes. There is evidence that knowledge of children’s skills enables more effective instruction related to individual needs.

The dynamics of public and private sector wages, pay settlements and employment

This report addresses the important question of how wage growth in the United Kingdom is determined in the long run and whether wage decisions in the public sector can have spillover effects into the private sector. To analyse these questions, we construct a unique new dataset that is made up of macroeconomic data on earnings and pay settlements as well as sector-specific data on settlements and cross-sectoral employment flows. We find that in the long run, wages in the public and the private sector form a persistent relationship.

URLEY (Using Research Tools to Improve Language in the Early Years) Evaluation Report

The URLEY (Using Research Tools to Improve Language in the Early Years) programme trains early years teachers to improve children’s language and social-behavioural outcomes in Nursery and Reception Year (ages 3 to 5). Teachers take part in 5 day-long professional development workshops in which they are introduced to a set of evidence-based language learning principles, taught how to use these and a range of research tools (primarily the Environment Rating Scales (ERS)) to assess their practice, and provided with strategies for refining practice.

Understanding employers’ use of the National Minimum Wage youth rates

Right from their inception the minimum wage rates have included age-related bands intended to give young people protection in the labour market. Initially there were only two age bands, 18-21 and 22+. With the introduction of the National Living Wage in 2016 there are now four age bands and an Apprentice Rate. While increases in youth rates had previously been more modest in the context of economic recession, evidence of an improving youth labour market has resulted in more ambitious upratings over recent years.

Total Reward and Pensions in the UK by Occupation in the Public and Private Sectors

Over the last 10 years the relative value of public and private sector remuneration packages, including pensions, has changed markedly. This report reviews a comprehensive measure of Total Reward (TR) which includes not just pay, but pensions and other ‘benefits in kind’, evaluates it as the present value of the sum of all these payments over the lifetime and sets out how to compare it for UK public and private sectors workers in different occupations.